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Export of Shell Eggs and Products January-August 2018.

10/13/2018

USDA-FAS data collated by USAPEEC, reflecting export volume and values for shell eggs and egg products are shown in the table below comparing January-August 2018 with the corresponding period in 2017:-

 

PRODUCT

Jan.-Aug. 2017

Jan.-Aug. 2018

Difference

Shell Eggs

     

Volume (m. dozen)

78.3

75.0

-3.3 (-4.3%)

Value ($ million)

73.9

85.8

+11.9 (+16.1%)

Unit Value ($/dozen)

0.94

1.14

+0.20 (+21.2%)

Egg Products

 

 

 

Volume (metric tons)

28,892

21,650

-7,242 (-25.1%)

Value ($ million)

75.1

78.4

+3.3 (+4.4%)

Unit Value ($/metric ton)

2,599

3,879

+1,280 (+49.3%)

U.S. SHELL EGG AND EGG PRODUCT EXPORTS IN JANUARY-

AUGUST 2018 COMPARED WITH JANUARY-AUGUST 2017

Source USDA-FAS/USAPEEC

SHELL EGGS

Shell egg exports from the U.S. during January-August 2018 decreased by 3.3 percent in volume but increased 16.1 percent in total value compared to January-August 2017. Unit value was higher by 21.2 percent or 20 cents per dozen for the comparison between 2017 and 2018. The top two importing nations represented 58.3 percent of volume and 73.4 percent of value.

Hong Kong led Canada as the leading importer over eight months, with 29.3 million dozen representing 39.1 percent of volume and 32.9 percent of value of U.S. shipments of shell eggs with an average unit value of $0.96 cents per dozen. Hong Kong increased imports for the first eight months of 2018 by 29.7 percent in volume and 29.4 percent in value ($0.96 per dozen) compared to the corresponding period in 2017.

Canada was ranked second in exports for January-August 2018 importing 29.0 million dozen U.S. eggs, (38.7 percent of U.S. volume exported) with a value of $34.8 million (40.6 percent of total) and a unit value of $1.14 per dozen.

Mexico was a distant third in rank during the first eight months of 2018 with 4.8 percent of volume and 4.2 percent of value,

The Caribbean Region represented 6.7 percent of export volume in January-August 2018. This region was down 60.0 percent in volume and 15.0 percent in value compared with January-August 2017. The unit value of shell eggs exports to the Caribbean averaged $2.16 per dozen for the eight-month period in 2018 which appears inordinately high, warranting validation of USDA data or an investigation of the price discrepancy.

EGG PRODUCTS

The total volume of exported egg products during the first eight months of 2018 decreased by 25.1 percent but total value was higher by 4.4 percent compared to January-August 2017. Unit value increased by 49.3 percent to $3,879 per ton from $2,599 for January-August 2017, reflecting the relationship between World supply and demand. Export volume during 2017 was influenced by the fipronil crisis and by avian influenza in the E.U.

During January-August 2018, Japan represented 36.3 percent of the total U.S. export volume with 7,855 m. tons, an increase of 0.5 percent over the first eight months of 2017.

Mexico continued as the 2nd-ranked importer with 3,160 m. tons representing 14.6 percent of volume and 11.4 percent of value at $9.0 million. Mexico decreased volume in January-August 2018 by 28.9 percent but value increased by 1.0 percent compared to the corresponding eight months in 2017. In August 2018 imports of egg products by Mexico fell by 58.1 compared to August 2017.

Canada ranked third among importers attaining 14.4 percent of volume and 9.8 percent of value exported.

For January-August 2018, the 4th-ranked E.U-28 imported 1,510 m. tons of egg products, representing 6.9 percent of the volume during the first eight months of 2017. Volume of 2,251 m. tons in 2017 was presumably influenced by shortages occasioned by HPAI. The transitory impact of fipronil contamination ceased in early 2018 as flocks were replaced in Holland and Belgium.

South Korea posted a 79.3 percent lower volume for January-August 2018 compared with the first eight months of the previous year. Value declined by 53.6 percent with a unit value of $4,860 per m. ton which is far in excess of the average value of $3,879 denoting a special product mix.

COMMENTS

Successful conclusion of NAFTA negotiations led to the trilateral USMCA announced on September 30th. Exports of shell eggs and egg products to our neighbors were valued at $74.7 million in 2017.

Prospects for long-term exports of shell eggs will be limited by the willingness of importers to accept the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) principle of regionalization in the event of exotic Newcastle disease and isolation of H5 or H7 avian influenza irrespective of pathogenicity. This concern follows the early 2017 cases of North American-lineage H7N9 HPAI in broiler breeders and some backyard flocks. Most importing nations, with the noted exception of China, are now applying regionalization and permitting imports on a county or state-exclusion basis following H5 or H7 AI infection.

The recent diagnoses of END in over 150 backyard flocks in five counties in California should not impact exports since importers are complying with the OIE principle of regionalization.

Generally pasteurized egg products should not be subject to any embargo imposed following reports of AI.