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Export of Shell Eggs and Products January-June 2018.

06/11/2018

USDA-FAS data collated by USAPEEC, reflecting export volume and values for shell eggs and egg products are shown in the table below comparing January-June 2018 with the corresponding period in 2017:-

PRODUCT

Jan.-June 2017

Jan.-June 2018

Difference

Shell Eggs

     

Volume (m. dozen)

55.7

54.5

-1.2 (-2.2%)

Value ($ million)

54.2

66.4

+12.2 (+22.5%)

Unit Value ($/dozen)

0.97

1.22

+0.25 (+25.8%)

Egg Products

 

 

 

Volume (metric tons)

21,670

16,781

-4,889 (-22.5%)

Value ($ million)

55.7

61.0

+5.3 (+9.5%)

Unit Value ($/metric ton)

2,570

3,635

+1,414 (+55.0%)

U.S. SHELL EGG AND EGG PRODUCT EXPORTS IN JANUARY-

JUNE 2018 COMPARED WITH JANUARY-MAY 2017

Source USDA-FAS/USAPEEC

SHELL EGGS

Shell egg exports from the U.S. during January-June 2018 decreased by 2.2 percent in volume but increased 22.5 percent in total value compared to January-June 2017. Unit value was higher by 25.8 percent or 25 cents per dozen for the comparison between 2017 and 2018. The top four importing nations represented 86.6 percent of volume and 79.4 percent of value.

Hong Kong displaced Canada was the leading importer over six months, with 21.4 million dozen representing 39.2 percent of volume and 31.9 percent of value of U.S. shipments of shell eggs with an average unit value of $0.99 cents per dozen. Hong Kong increased imports in June 2018 by 104 percent in volume and 61.5 percent in value ($0.89 per dozen) compared to June 2017.

Canada fell to second-place for January-June 2018 importing 20.8 million dozen, (38.2 percent of U.S. volume exported) at a value of $26.7 million (40.2 percent of total) and a unit value of $1.28 per dozen.

Mexico was a distant third in rank during the first six months of 2018 with 5.3 percent of volume and 4.5 percent of value,

The Caribbean Region represented 19.2 percent of export volume in January-June 2018. This region was down 59.8 percent in volume and 9.5 percent in value compared with January-June 2017. The unit value of shell eggs exports to the Caribbean averaged $2.21 per dozen in January-June 2018 which appears inordinately high, warranting validation of USDA data or an investigation of the price discrepancy.

EGG PRODUCTS

The total volume of exported egg products during the first six months of 2018 decreased by 22.5 percent but total value was higher by 9.5 percent compared to January-June 2017. Unit value increased by 55.0 percent to $3,635 per ton from $2,570 in January-June 2017, reflecting the relationship between World supply and demand. Export volume during 2017 was influenced by the fipronil crisis and by avian influenza in the E.U.

During January-June 2018, Japan represented 37.1 percent of the total U.S. export volume with 6,228 m. tons, an increase of 6.8 percent during the first half of 2017.

Mexico continued as the 2nd-ranked importer with 2,352 m. tons representing 14.0 percent of volume and 11.1 percent of value at $683 million. Mexico decreased volume in January-June 2018 by 23.2 percent but value increased by 17.2 percent compared to the corresponding six months in 2017. In June 2018 imports of egg products by Mexico fell by 66.3 percent compared to June 2017 falling to 4th place among destinations.

For January-June 2018, 4th-ranked E.U-28 imported 1,150 m. tons of egg products, representing 6.9 percent of the volume during the first six months of 2018. Volume of 1,841 m. tons in 2017 was presumably influenced by supply to demand disequilibrium due to shortages occasioned by HPAI. The transitory impact of fipronil contamination ceased in early 2018 as flocks were replaced in Holland and Belgium.

South Korea posted a 77 percent lower volume for January-June 2018 compared with the first six months of the previous year. Value declined by 48.4 percent with a unit value of $4,942 per m. ton which is far in excess of the average value denoting a special product mix.

COMMENTS

As prospects for re-negotiation of NAFTA fade it is relevant to recognize that exports of shell eggs and egg products to our neighbors were valued at $74.7 million in 2017.

Prospects for long-term exports of shell eggs will be limited by the willingness of importers to accept the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) principle of regionalization in the event of exotic Newcastle disease and H5 and H7 avian influenza irrespective of pathogenicity. This concern follows the early 2017 cases of North American-lineage H7N9 HPAI in broiler breeders and some backyard flocks. Most importing nations, with the noted exception of China, are now applying regionalization and permitting imports on a nationwide or state-exclusion basis following H5 or H7 AI infection. The statutory 90-day period following depletion of affected flocks has expired.

The recent diagnoses of END in 70 backyard flocks in San Bernardino and surrounding Counties, in California should not impact exports since importers are complying with the OIE principle of regionalization.

Generally pasteurized egg products should not be subject to any embargo imposed following reports of AI.