Egg Industry Articles


Anitox Presents Research on AI in Feed to Threatened Turkey and Layer Sectors

Dec 23, 2015


Anitox will present independent research at the IPPE in January, supporting feed treatment as a potential control point in preventing contamination with avian influenza virus (AIV) and offering producers a possible additional modality against AI. Dr. Rick Phillips and Dr. Gino Lorenzoni of Anitox and Dr. Haroldo Toro of Auburn University will share details of the latest research at the Anitox Breakfast Symposium at the IPPE in Atlanta, on Tuesday January 26th.

Tickets for the event are available by E-mailing <>.

Dr. Haroldo Toro of Auburn University, who conducted the initial trials jointly funded by Anitox and the US Poultry and Egg Association, will share data with IPPE attendees concerning effective suppression of AIV in feed. The presentation relates to  research conducted to demonstrate the effectiveness of Termin-8™ in feed after publication of a USDA report, Risk that Poultry Feed Made with Corn  may be Potentially Contaminated with Eurasian North American Lineage H5N2 HPAI Virus from Wild Migratory Birds - Results of Exposure of Susceptible Commercial Poultry, This document demonstrated that more information was needed on the possibility of transmission of AIV in feed.

Rick Phillips Anitox President and CEO and a Board Certified Poultry Veterinarian explained: “The USDA’s recent report acknowledges two ways by which feed can be contaminated with avian influenza virus - through migratory waterfowl shedding the virus on stored corn and through contamination of finished feeds.  The report explored the increased risk associated with mash diets, but acknowledged gaps in data limiting analysis and application of findings.

“The authors of the report refer to the absence of heat in production of mash feed, and confirm that ‘in this case, HPAI virus contamination present on corn would result in direct transmission to poultry’. They also acknowledge concerns expressed by risk managers ‘about the impact of breaches in biosecurity at feed mills and feed storage bins on farms’ Epidemiologic evidence implicates ‘perching birds such as sparrows, starlings and grackles in local-area spread of HPAI virus in outbreaks’.  

“The fact is, we simply don’t know the quantity of HPAI virus contaminating corn stored uncovered above ground or the extent of HPAI virus contaminated with feces of wild birds on corn piles. Phillips noted “Identifying HPAI in corn or other ingredients, as with Salmonella, is like looking for a needle in a haystack. With just 3,000 samples currently assayed, we’ve barely scratched the surface”.

Phillips noted “there are some things we do know now that we didn’t when the report was undertaken. For example, while the report acknowledges the unique potential of formaldehyde as a control measure, the authors of the USDA report were limited by a lack of direct data on the degree of reduction of HPAI virus due to treatment with formaldehyde” Specific details on persistence in corn and inactivation by organic acids would help reduce the uncertainty in risk assessments. Independent tests conducted at Auburn University provided firm evidence thatTermin-8® effectively inactivated AIV within one hour of application.”

The Auburn University AI project marks the start of a more collaborative approach to R&D by Anitox.  The jointly sponsored initiative set out to provide the turkey and layer segments of the U.S. poultry industry with an additional measure to strengthen biosecurity. According to Dr. John Glisson, Vice President of Research Programs for USPOULTRY, biosecurity remains a key to protecting flocks and complexes from avian influenza.


Anitox was established in 1976 by Dr. Bob Bland who developed the principle of using organic acids to suppress fungi in ingredients and feed with pioneer product MonoProp™.  Since then, the Company has expanded both product scope and geographic spread to operate in 64 nations, including a presence in Malaysia (initiated in 2005), Brazil and China (2010), and Russia (2015).

As a necessary progression from family-ownership to a corporate structure, a leveraged buyout was completed in 2007 with the Riverside Company purchasing equity held by the heirs of Dr. Bland.  Dr. Rick Phillips serves as President and CEO, alongside COO Roger Mann and CFO Dave Smith, supported by Chief Science Officer Dr. Kurt Richardson and Technical Director Dr. Gino Lorenzoni.  The company has more than 100 full-time employees and 28 affiliated distributors worldwide.

The company’s efforts are focused in four areas – pathogen control, feed milling efficiency, antibiotic-free ethanol production and pet food. The first two contribute to the profitability of poultry production:-

Pathogen control is the significant and traditional business for the Company, based on suppression of Salmonella and molds in feed. Pathogen suppression can be achieved using Termin-8™, a proprietary solution of ingredients approved in the U.S. and EU for use in feed and feed ingredients. It contains organic acids including formalin which provide residual protection for over two weeks post application. Termin-8™ can be applied in feed either as a powder or liquid using a patented application system to achieve accurate dosing.                                                                                         

In 2013, Anitox introduced Finio™, combining a fourth-generation aldehyde with propionic acid for markets where formaldehyde is not allowed.  Suppressing pathogens in diets, through the inclusion of technologies such as Termin-8™ and Finio™, directly improves feed conversion efficiency, reduces mortality and improves uniformity and body weight in poultry production.  Anitox can supply data generated by independent university laboratories to support claims for enhanced pathogen suppression in feed and to substantiate improved field performance.

Maxi-Mil™ improves milling efficiency and pellet quality, and is available with mold control. Studies conducted by the International Research Institute of Feed Technology confirmed that a feed mill with an annual production of 100,000 tons of feed can save $150,000 with Maxi-Mil, through improvements in throughput, reduction in energy consumption and lower maintenance costs.