Shane Commentary


Australian System for Mass Euthanasia

Oct 17, 2014

EGG-CITE is indebted to Dr. Eric Gingerich for information on the EuPoul System for mass euthanasia developed in Australia  Basically the approach is to place floor-housed birds in a plastic tent which is then flushed with carbon dioxide.  The company has also developed a method of wrapping stacked-deck batteries with plastic to allow euthanasia in cages using carbon dioxide.

Extensive studies in the U.S. have shown that the carbon dioxide-foam system is suitable for humanely depleting floor-housed flocks and offers speed, efficiency and economy.  The still unresolved challenge is to achieve rapid mass-euthanasia of hens in cages.  At this time the only appropriate method is to manually transfer hens from cages to kill-carts flushed with carbon dioxide. If these units used for routine depletion are unavailable, hens must be manually moved to the end of the house to be placed in dumpsters fitted with covers to allow euthanasia with carbon dioxide.

The actual problem with mass euthanasia following a disease outbreak is less that of killing a flock than the disposal of the carcasses. Irrespective of the approach to either euthanasia or disposal, it is necessary to plan an operation in advance and obtain the necessary permits from regulatory authorities.  The situation following the 2002 outbreak of low pathogenicity avian influenza in turkey flocks in the Shenandoah Valley illustrates the problems involved.  Bureaucracy and the need for rapid action are often incompatible.


Non-Human Rights Project Appeals Against Adverse Verdict

Oct 15, 2014

The Non-Human Rights Project (NHRP) founded by Steven Wise, an animal-rights lawyer and founder of the organization will appeal against an adverse decision by a court in New York State.  At issue is the legal status of four chimpanzees, two in private ownership and the others at the Stonybrook University Primate Center.

Wise and his associates filed a Writ of habeas corpus which under common law would allow an interested party to obtain the release of a person held by an authority.  In this instance, the concept of habeas corpus was extended to a non-human.  The submission by the NHRP was rejected. An interesting question would be whether Wise serves per bono (or per bonobo) or alternatively the source of his funding.       

While this commentator expresses concern for the confinement of non-human primates under other than accepted high-standards of care, establishing “personhood” creates a dangerous precedent. This would allow animal-rights organizations to descend the zoological ladder and claim that any confined animal should be released from farms, zoos and laboratories. Whether the Non-Human Rights Project intends to confine their activities to chimpanzees, gorillas and orangutans is questionable.  If the courts set a precedent, marine mammals and circus animals would soon follow.  Cattle and hogs would not be far behind, even chickens might have “legal guardians” Livestock production as we know it would not be possible. Tofu and granola anyone?        


False Contentions in Colorado GMO Labeling Initiative

Oct 10, 2014

Opponents of GMO have advanced spurious justifications for the mandatory labeling initiative.  Discredited and questionable studies and anecdotal reports are being used to buttress claims that consumption of GMO grains result in allergies, infertility and other ill-defined health problems.

Extensive studies conducted by disinterested bodies at universities and at the public sector level have failed to show any deleterious effect from GMO foods.

To be cynical one might suggest that consuming only non-GMO foods leads to hysteria xenophobia and nutritional paranoia!


Whole Foods Market to Evaluate Price Cutting

Oct 3, 2014

The Austin Business Journal posted a report on October 1st suggesting that Whole Foods Market will begin testing price-cutting in Austin-area stores.  Initially the project will involve approximately 400 items, including produce.  The Company is also testing a customer-reward program, evaluating mobile delivery and online-order-in-store pickup.

Investors have pressured management to improve same-store sales which have lagged and to restore share price.  It is noted that WFM stock on October 2nd was at $37.53, close to the 52 week low of $36.08, compared to a high of $65.59.

Whole Foods Market with a capitalization of $13.6 billion operated with a gross margin of 36% for the 40 weeks ending July 6th 2014 compared to 35.8% for the preceding nine-month period.  Competing organic-focused stores such as Sprouts Farmers Market operate with gross margins in the vicinity of 15%.  Reducing prices will obviously impact gross margin and hence the bottom line for Whole Foods Market. The Company generated a profit margin of 4.1% for the past nine-month period, equivalent to that generated by Sprouts Farmers Market, suggesting that both operating expenses and the cost of goods sold are higher for Whole Foods Market than competitors marketing organics.

Whole Foods Market is continually increasing pressure on suppliers through various initiatives.  The company will soon be rolling out a three-tier “Good, Better, Best” rating system for produce.  The designation will be based on sustainability, pest management, farm worker welfare, protection of bees and conservation of water and soil. Quantifying these criteria will be difficult and their relevance is questionable. Although these attributes may appeal to their clientele, it is evident that the constant upgrading of requirements imposed on suppliers will be reflected in higher costs. It is difficult to see how margins can be maintained with a deterioration in both sides of the equation. Truly the altruistic policies of the Co-CEOs are impacting profitability in a competitive environment.\


EPA Backs Down on Alt Case

Oct 1, 2014

Following an adverse ruling against the Environmental Protection Agency by the U.S. Court for the Northern District of West Virginia, the EPA has decided not to pursue further appeals in the case initiated against Lois Alt in October 2013. At issue is the EPA contention that the Clean Water Act empowers the Agency to regulate runoff, potentially containing particulate matter, from farmyards. The EPA initially issued an order threatening Lois Alt with a fine of  $37,000 per day unless she applied for a Clean Water Act permit to cover storm water runoff.

The EPA is concerned that an appellate court decision upholding the lower court ruling would further prejudice EPA regulation of CAFOs. A posting by the EPA on Friday September 19th claimed that the decision to abandon further litigation was based on “the need to conserve resources”.  The posting stated “a smart and strategic enforcement program requires us to make choices about where to spend our time for the biggest benefit to the public”.


New Jersey LPAI Pheasants

Oct 1, 2014

In a report dated September 25th, Dr. John Clifford, Deputy Administrator of the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service reported on an outbreak of low pathogenicity H7N3 avian influenza which affected a flock of pheasants in coastal New Jersey diagnosed on August 22nd, 2014.  In view of the fact that H7 virus was involved, the event was reported to the OIE on September 25th, 2014.  A previous subclinical infection was diagnosed in July 2014 based on serology.

Extensive epidemiologic surveillance of pheasants in the hunting preserve and poultry in the area failed to reveal extension to commercial flocks within a 10 km radius. No virus could be isolated from pheasants four weeks after the initial PCR-positive test.  The flock was subjected to quarantine with serologic surveillance.


HumaneWatch Calls for a Boycott of Discover Card

Oct 1, 2014

HumaneWatch an entity operated by the Center of Consumer Freedom has called for a boycott of credit card company Discover for offering an affinity card benefitting the Humane Society of the United States (HSUS). This card will provide customers with the opportunity to identify with the HSUS and to increase donations to the organization. 

Calling for a boycott appears to be a futile and knee-jerk exercise given that the management of Discover have committed to the project.  The approach to the situation should be more positive, involving education both of Discover and potential donors concerning the policy of the HSUS on their allocation of funds.  From their website and actions HSUS is apparently opposed to all forms of intensive livestock production and indirectly promotes a vegan agenda.


No Welfare Advantage Associated with Free-Range Management

Sep 26, 2014

In a report by Ben Spencer of the UK Daily Mail dated September 10th, prominent veterinarians provided data confirming deleterious aspects of free-range management. This system is a recent innovation in the U.S. but studies conducted by North Carolina State University have demonstrated higher mortality due to aggression and predator loss.

In England free-range hens comprise 45 percent of egg production, a trend promoted by major supermarket chains.

Dr. Barry Thorpe of the Royal School of Veterinary Studies in Edinburgh stated that “chickens allowed to roam free in open fields in fact die sooner and are much more likely to catch disease.”  He added “supermarkets and celebrity chefs would have us believe that free-range chickens are happier, healthier and live more natural lives than those in battery farms”.  Published data belies the altruistic and anthropomorphic sentiments held by proponents of “free range” and “pastured” that hens allowed outside access are happy.


Is the Decline in Cereal Consumption an Opportunity for Eggs?

Sep 12, 2014

In the Business Day section of the September 11th edition of The New York Times Stephanie Strom cites Euromonitor statistics indicating a 10.7 percent decline in consumption of all categories of breakfast cereals in 2012.  This represented a loss in revenue of $1 billion to the cereal manufacturers.

The 1.8 percent increase in “wholesome” products such as muesli,  did not compensate for the reduced demand for the products regarded as “delivery systems for sugar” –now regarded as the “new fat”.


Controversy over GMO Labeling

Sep 5, 2014

Despite the fact that 64 nations have enacted mandatory labeling of foods derived from GM technology, there is no federal initiative to require compulsory labeling.  A number of states have either enacted mandatory GM labeling laws or are considering draft legislation or citizen’s ballot initiatives.


Recently three influential newspapers in what would be regarded as liberal states have editorialized against mandatory labeling.

On July 30th a Boston Globe opined “advocates say it would alert those who may object to genetically modified food to choose other options. A label would contribute to the stigmatization of food that is actually perfectly healthy”.

The Washington Post noted in June “there is no mainstream scientific evidence showing that foods containing GMOs are more or less harmful for people to consume than anything else in the supermarket, despite decades of development and use”. 

The New York Times noted “there is no reliable evidence that genetically modified foods now on the market are posing any risk to consumers”.

Forbes considers that mainstream opinion is following scientific evidence that has failed to show any deleterious effect from consuming food products containing GM-derived ingredients.

The oft repeated claim that GM foods are untested is spurious.  The contention that GM foods represent a conspiracy by the multinational biotechnology companies to dominate food production is also without support.                                    


NAEF Objects to Nestle Welfare Decision

Sep 3, 2014

The National Association of Egg Farmers (NAEF) a splinter group representing a small fraction of the U.S. egg production industry has confronted Nestle, the multinational food producer, over their decision to subscribe to the World Animal Protection Group as their arbiter of welfare standards.

The NAEF which is composed of producers predominately using conventional cages vigorously opposed the combined UEP-HSUS initiative to establish a National housing standard for confined hens (the “Egg Bill”). The proposed legislation would have mandated conversion to enriched modules with approximately 124 square inches of floor space per hen.


Condemnation of Vermont GMO Labeling Law

Aug 27, 2014

Recently Vermont passed a law mandating that food products containing ingredients of GM origin should be labeled accordingly. 

Senator Norm McAllister (R-Franklin) sated “This is a marketing ploy by the organics industry so they can get a bigger share of the market”.  He added “if you scare people about what they are eating they are going to change”. McAllister who serves on the State Senate Committee on Agriculture noted that the labeling law was effectively a “Back-door method of legally banning GMOs”.


Awareness of GM and Labeling

Jul 12, 2014

EGG-CITE has commented frequently on the patchwork of proposed legislation and ballot initiatives to enforce labeling of food products containing GM ingredients. The reality is that 95 percent of corn, soy and sugar beets in the U.S. are derived from cultivars modified by insertion of genes which offer benefits in terms of pest resistance or improved yield. The FDA has ruled that it is unnecessary to label food ingredients as being derived from GM since exhaustive research over two decades has failed to demonstrate any nutritional difference or health risks associated with approved GM cultivars.

Rutgers University has determined that 43 percent of survey participants were aware of the availability of GM food but only 26 percent knew that they had already consumed product containing GM ingredients. Surprisingly 40 percent of respondents surveyed in a New York Times poll thought that fruit and vegetables were genetically modified, which is not the case.


Consumer Reports Comments on Carton Claims

Jul 9, 2014

Consumer Reports recently commented on carton claims relating to housing and feeding of flocks producing table eggs. The organization noted that grade and label dating are under the control of The USDA-Agriculture Marketing Services for eggs bearing the USDA grade shield.

Consumer Reports commented on claims for omega-3 and noted that supplementing diets with flaxseed, algae, canola oil or fish oil can raise the level of ALA and DHA to a lesser degree in yolks.


Funds Provisionally Approved for Biosecurity Laboratory

Jul 9, 2014

The Senate Appropriations Committee approved $300 million in construction funds for the proposed biosafety laboratory in Kansas to study pathogens which have the potential to cause catastrophic disease in livestock and poultry.

The House Appropriations Committee has also endorsed the allocation for fiscal 2015.  The Department of Homeland Security will erect and administer the proposed laboratory near Manhattan, Kansas.  The project was proposed following the decision that the USDA-APHIS Plum Island Laboratory was obsolete.  Over decades, this facility has conducted research on exotic infections including foot and mouth and Rinderpest and has been instrumental in developing vaccines and implementing training programs to diagnose and control foreign animal diseases.


A Look Back at the Past

Jun 27, 2014

EGG-CITE is indebted to Don Bell for providing a reprint of a paper published in the Pacific Poultryman during June 1954.

The article authored by Robert H. Adolph, Farm Advisor, San Diego County was entitled “Which Type Wire Floor House?”  In 1953 the San Diego County Poultry Egg Cost Study was conducted by the University of California Agricultural Extension Service to obtain costs associated with housing hens either in single cages, two hens to a cage or in modules.


Charities Indulging In Speculation

Jun 20, 2014

Green Peace which has been active in opposing intensive agriculture issued a statement on Sunday June 15th that it has incurred a loss of $5.1 million in currency speculation.  The 2013 Annual Report according to the press release will show a budget deficit of $9.2 million for the year and includes a statement “This deficit includes the loss of $5.1 million from an ill-judged contract aim at managing currency exchange costs.”


WSJ Commentary on Organic Farming Contentious

Jun 20, 2014

Dr. Henry I. Miller, the Robert Wesson Fellow in Scientific Philosophy and Public Policy at Stanford University’s Hoover Institution recently published a commentary in the Wall Street Journal. Miller correctly notes that “organic farming might work well for certain local environments on a small scale but farms produce far less food per unit of land and water than conventional ones.”

Miller documents low yields compared to conventional agriculture using GMO cultivars and advanced applications of fertilizer. He maintains that organic farming applying manure results in significant release of nitrates into soil and thereafter to groundwater. Composting also generates greenhouse gases. Organic farming systems are also associated with the potential to disseminate pathogens.


FMCSA Allows Exemption for Transport Restriction

Jun 20, 2014

The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) has granted a one-year exemption from the 30-minute break provision in the Hours of Service Regulations, which became effective during January 2011.

The ruling allows an exemption from the rule mandating a 30-minute break during the first eight hours of a shift for drivers transporting livestock.


Biodiesel Boosts Soybean Prices

Jun 17, 2014

The U. S. Energy Information Administration has announced that the production of biodiesel in 2013 attained 1.36 billion gallons, a 37% increase over the previous year. This quantity required 5.5 billion pounds of U.S. soybean oil derived from 468 million bushels of soybeans.

What is of interest to U. S. egg producers is the fact that this volume in demand boosted the price of soybeans by 74 cents per bushel and effectively increased the price of soybean meal. Naturally, on the human-nutrition side of the equation, soybean oil was diverted into fuel production, also resulting in a distortion in market price.