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Trends in U.S. Egg Production and Consumption

  

May 30, 2014

    

During the period 2011 through (forecast) 2015, production of shell eggs has increased on average by 7.2 billion dozen or 1.2 billion dozen per annum.  Per capita consumption increased by nine eggs or 3.6 percent.  The increase in production represents approximately 1.3 billion dozen per annum over the five year period.  Given a consuming population of 320 million this approximates an annual increment of four eggs per capita.  This closely corresponds to the 3.6 eggs per capita tabulated by the USDA.  The differential is in all probability due to exports currently representing 4 to 5 percent of production.

Growth in per capita consumption increased sharply in 2014 and will stabilize in 2015 at 256 eggs per capita.  This is attributed to improved earnings potential which reflects in greater consumption The increase is also due in part to high prices for competitive proteins and expansion in the food service segment with special emphasis on breakfast menus in quick service restaurants. Exports especially to Mexico as a result of outbreaks of avian influenza have also contributed to demand.

  

During the past two years, production has been restrained in the U.S. as a result of uncertainty over the status of shipments from the Midwest to California as there is no certainty regarding proposed restrictions due to take effect on January 1, 2015 in accordance with California Proposition #2.

Prices have clearly advanced as a reflection of supply relative to demand.  It is noted that during the past two years there has been a marked reduction in production in California as farms non-compliant with Proposition #2 have either been decommissioned or have been converted to hold a lower number of hens.

 

TRENDS IN U.S. EGG PRODUCTION AND CONSUMPTION

Year

Production
billion dozen

Per Capita
Egg Consumption

USDA NY
c/dozen

2011

6.59

248

.15

2012

6.75

251

1.17

2013

6.88

251

1.24

2014

6.98

256

1.30

2015

7.07

257

1.30

Increase

8.48

9

0.15

% increase

+7.2

+3.6

10.0