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USDA Weekly Egg Price and Inventory Report, February 1st 2016


Feb 3, 2017



According to the USDA Egg Market News Reports posted on January 30th Midwest-wholesale prices for Extra Large and Large increased by 4 percent this past week. The progression of prices during 2017 is depicted in the USDA chart reflecting three years of data, updated weekly.

The USDA Egg Market News Reports released on January 30th documented a USDA Combined Region value of $0.80 per dozen delivered to warehouses. This price lags Midwest Weekly values by one week, and is compared to a peak price of $2.20 per dozen in late November 2015.  The USDA Combined range for Large, in the Midwest was $0.75 per dozen.


At the high end of the range, the price in the South Central Region, attained $0.85 per dozen. The current USDA Combined Price was approximately 67 cents per dozen below the three-year average. In early 2016 the average was inflated by the rise in prices attributed to the post-HPAI shortage of all eggs.

Hen numbers continue to rise relative to demand attaining approximately 309.4 million in production. Hens in lay increased from 303 million in early December 2016. For the past week the number of hens increased by 0.9 million. The total egg-flock is 314.4 million including hens in molt and small flocks. Generic shell-egg stock increased by one percent reflecting the balance between traditional January demand and production. Dried-egg inventory of 29.4 million pounds as of December 31st is extremely high, as is the National stock of frozen egg products at 35.8 million pounds.   



 Cold storage stocks in selected regions on January 23rd 2017 amounted to 2.992 million pounds, 1.6 percent above the stock of 2.945 million pounds during the week of January 1st. 2017.

The latest monthly USDA Cold Storage Report released on January 24th documented a total stock of 35.821 million pounds of frozen egg products on December 31st 2016. This was down 12.4 percent from December 31st 2015. Approximately 83 percent of inventory comprised the categories of “Whole and Mixed” (31.7 percent) and “Unclassified” (51.4 percent).

The national stock of generic shell eggs was down by 2.1 percent this past week, compared to a 1.0 percent increase in inventory during the previous week. Four of the six regions showed increases in inventory. The Midwest was down 9.6 percent compared to the previous week to 324,500 cases. This region was followed in decreasing order of stock level by the Southeast which increased by 0.2 percent to 258,900 cases; the South Central Region up by 4.1 percent to 258,800 cases, the Southwest up by 2.7 percent to 196,600 cases; the Northeast Region up 2.1 percent to 116,700 cases and the Northwest down by 8.3 percent to 113,200 cases

The total USDA Six-Area stock of commodity eggs comprised 1,560,000 cases, of which 79.6 percent were shell eggs. The inventory of breaking stock was down 6.0 percent to 318,500 cases. The stable price for breaking stock this week reflects the availability of eggs from both mature and young flocks in relation to the demand for generic eggs.

Specialty egg inventory was up 3.0 percent compared to an increase of 5.4 percent the previous week, to 179,900 cases with organic stock comprising 48.0 percent of inventory (47.0 percent for the previous week). Recent data suggests a fluctuating build in the stock of USDA Certified Organic product. This is attributed to an apparent trend by consumers to purchase less-expensive brown cage-free product over more costly organic eggs. During the past week the retail price of cage-free brown fell 20.3 percent, or 71 cents per dozen to $2.78 per dozen while USDA Certified Organic remained constant at $4.02 per dozen, widening the price differential to $1.24 per dozen ($0.53 per dozen last week).  Large week-to-week fluctuations can be expected in the stock of specialty and organic eggs based on the small base of these categories.

According to the monthly USDA Cage-free Hen Report for January 9th the number of hens held in other than conventional cages during December was unchanged comprised:-

Total U.S. flock held for USDA Certified production = 14.1 million     (was 13.5 million, October & November)

Total U.S. flock held for cage-free production            =  23.5 million    (was 17.0 million, October & November)

Total U.S. non-caged flock                                         = 37.6 million (12.5 percent of a nominal 300 million flock but 18.8 percent of a nominal flock of 200 million held for shell-egg production)                                                                                                                     

For the week ending January 25th eggs processed under FSIS inspection decreased 2.4 percent from the previous week to a level of 1,495,364 cases. The proportion of eggs broken by in-line complexes reached 54.6 percent, a decrease from 55.3 percent last week. The high values recorded in past weeks confirms the extent of restocking large units in Iowa and Nebraska impacted by HPAI in 2015. During the corresponding week in 2015 in-line breakers processed 46.2 percent of eggs including imports, denoting the severe mortality affecting approximately eight large in-line complexes affected by HPAI in 2015. 

The price range for breaking stock delivered to Central plants for the week ended January 21st remained at 25 to 27 cents per dozen. The price of checks remained at a range of 12 to 14 cents per dozen representing a “rock bottom” price well below the average cost of production for nest-run, estimated by the EIC at 59 cents per dozen for December 2016.




The USDA Egg Market News Reports released on Monday 30th January documented the changes in price for the major grades from the Midwest, for Central States Breaking Stock and Certified USDA Organic.  The following table lists the “most frequent” ranges of values as delivered to warehouses:-



Current Week

  Previous  Week

Extra Large

  78-81 cents per dozen

    75-78  Up 4%


  76-79 cents per dozen

    73-76  Up 4%


  65-68 cents per dozen

    60-63  Up  8%

Certified Organic EL

275-310 cents per dozen


Central States Breaking Stock

  26-27  cents per dozen



  12-14  cents per dozen




The January 30th National 5-day rolling average FOB producer prices, for white shelled eggs, with prices in rounded cents per dozen for the past week were:-

                                   EL. $0.63 (est.):  L. $0.60: M. $0.47

The following advertised retail prices for the week ending January 20th, (compared with the previous week in parentheses) were posted by the AMS for dozen packs:

  • USDA Certified Organic, Brown, Large:            $4.02  ($4.02)
  • Cage-Free Brown, Large:                                    $2.78  ($3.49)
  • Omega-3 Enriched Specialty, White, Large:       $2.53  ($2.19)
  • Generic White, Large  Grade AA                        $0.92  ($1.28)
  • Generic White, Large  Grade A (Feature price)      $1.02  ($1.12)                                 

 Retail prices for generic white Large AA were 30 cents per dozen lower this past week, according to the USDA-AMS. In past months retailers have maintained disproportionately high prices at the shelf, taking advantage of low wholesale cost to boost margins. By this strategy, retailers have effectively depressed consumption thereby holding the industry to record-low price levels for generic eggs. 

(See the text, tables and figures in the review of production and prices comprising the report on USDA December 2016 data posted in the January 13th Edition of EGG-CITE now listed under the STATISTICS tab. The financial results posted by Cal-Maine Foods for the completed 2nd Quarter of Fiscal 2017 posted in the December 21st Edition can be retrieved through the SEARCH feature entering “Cal-Maine”

The USDA-AMS Shell Egg Demand Indicator for February 1st 2017 increased numerically by +2.3 points from +8.5 in the last report to +10.8 with a 2.1 percent lower inventory calculated by the USDA-ERS as follows:-  


Productive flock

309,351,437 million hens

Average hen week production


Average egg production

249,646,609 million per day

Proportion to shell egg market

69.1% (was 69.0%)

Total for in-shell consumption

479,183 cases per day

USDA Inventory

1,241,500 cases

26-week rolling average inventory

4.71 days

Actual inventory  on hand

                4.25 days (was 4.37 days)

Shell Egg Demand Indicator

+10.8 points (was +8.5 in the last report)




Prices for dried egg products (most frequent price with a range in $ per pound) posted January 20th were:-

Whole Egg


   Up $0.05 on low end of the range



   Down $0.05 on both ends of the range

Spray-Dried White


   Up $0.05 on both ends of the range






The problem of a high inventory of dried egg is apparent from the 179 percent increase to 29.43 million lbs. on December 31st 2016 compared to December 31st 2015.  During the period December 4th through December 31st 2016, dried egg processed under USDA inspection amounted to 10.1 million lbs. (down from 13.8 million lbs. in November), corresponding to approximately a three-month inventory level.



The H5N8 HPAI situation is still deteriorating in Western and Central Europe involving 20 EU Nations. Infection with H5N6 in Asia is affecting both South Korea and Japan with both strains introduced by migratory birds and then transmitted to commercial free-range flocks. This should be a warning to U.S. producers. Possible introduction of AI must be considered during the first Quarter of 2017 necessitating enhanced and effective biosecurity. This is emphasized by the isolation of Eurasian strain H5N2 avian influenza virus from a hunter-killed mallard in Montana in early January. The USDA and USAPEEC have worked with counterparts in South Korea to ship eggs and products to compensate for losses due to the HPAI epornitic resulting in depletion of 28 million hens, exceeding the Nation’s flock mortality from a previous outbreak in 2014.