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Export of Shell Eggs and Products January-April 2019.

06/07/2019

USDA-FAS data collated by USAPEEC, reflecting export volume and values for shell eggs and egg products are shown in the table below comparing the first four months of 2019 with the corresponding period in 2018:-

PRODUCT

Jan.-April 2018

Jan.-April 2019

Difference

Shell Eggs

     

Volume (m. dozen)

35.6

38.7

+3.1 (+8.7%)

Value ($ million)

48.0

34.1

-13.9 (-28.9%)

Unit Value ($/dozen)

1.34

0.88

-0.46 (-34.3%)

Egg Products

 

 

 

Volume (metric tons)

12,151

9,599

-2,552 (-21.0%)

Value ($ million)

44.6

29.9

-14.7 (-33.0%)

Unit Value ($/metric ton)

3,670

3.114

-556 (-15.1%)

U.S. SHELL EGG AND EGG PRODUCT EXPORTS DURING

JANUARY-APRIL 2019 COMPARED WITH 2018

Source USDA-FAS/USAPEEC

SHELL EGGS

Shell egg exports from the U.S. during the first four months of 2019 increased by 8.7 percent in volume but declined 28.9 percent in total value compared to Jan.-April 2018. Unit value was lower by 34.3 percent or 46 cents per dozen for the four-month comparison between 2018 and 2019. The top two importing nations represented 77.5 percent of volume and 72.1 percent of total value.

Canada was the leading importer during Jan.-April 2019 with 18.9 million dozen representing 39.4 percent of volume and 33.7 percent of total value at $11.5 million with a unit value of $0.72 per dozen. Shell eggs shipped to Canada represent the difference between domestic demand and production, limited by their national controlled marketing system

Hong Kong was the 2nd ranked importer of shell eggs in Jan.-April 2019, with 14.2 million dozen representing 36.7 percent of volume and 38.4 percent of the total value of U.S. shipments of shell eggs with an average unit value of $0.92 cents per dozen.

Mexico was a distant third in rank during Jan.-April 2019 with 7.8 percent of volume and 7.3 percent of total value, with a unit value of $0.83 per dozen.

The Caribbean Region represented 6.7 percent of export volume for the first four months of 2019. This region was down 23.5 percent in volume and 56.6 percent in total value compared with 2018. The unit value of shell eggs exports to the Caribbean averaged $1.38 per dozen for Jan.-April 2019 ($1.93 over entire 2018) which appears inordinately high compared with the average export realization, warranting validation of USDA data or an investigation of the price discrepancy.

The Middle East Region imported 1.8 million dozen during the first four months of 2019 valued at $1.7 million with a unit price of $0.94 per dozen. Volume and value were respectively lower by 37.9 percent and 37.0 percent compared with the corresponding period in 2018. Israel emerged as an importer at the end of 2018 attributed to depletion of domestic flocks due to SE.

EGG PRODUCTS

The total volume of exported egg products during Jan.-April 2019 decreased by 21.0 percent and total value was lower by 33.0 percent compared to the same period in 2018. Unit value decreased by 15.1 percent to $3,114 per ton from $3,670 obtained during Jan.-April 2018. This decline reflected the relationship between World supply and demand.

During Jan.-April 2019, 1st-ranked Japan represented 25.8 percent of the total U.S. export volume with 2,474 m. tons, a decrease of 42.1 percent compared with the first four months of 2018.

Mexico was the second ranked importer during Jan.-April 2019 receiving 2,158 metric tons comprising 22.5 percent of volume and 17.4 percent of value exported with a unit price of $2,410 per metric ton

Canada was displaced to the 3rd rank among importers purchasing 1,897 m. tons representing 19.8 percent of volume and 13.0 percent of value ($3.9 million) exported with a unit price of $2,056 per m. ton. During the four-month period in 2019 Canada increased volume by 24.7 percent and value by 18.2 percent compared to the corresponding period in 2018.

During the first four months of 2019, 4th-ranked E.U-28 imported 332 m. tons of egg products, representing 3.4 percent of volume and 8.6 percent of value shipped during Jan.-April 2019

COMMENTS

Successful conclusion of NAFTA negotiations led to the trilateral USMCA, announced on September 30th 2018 will be ratified by the legislatures of all three signatories. Exports of shell eggs and egg products to our neighbors were valued at $74.7 million for 2017 and $89.7 million for 2018 and $23.1 million over the first four months of 2019.

Prospects for long-term exports of shell eggs will be limited by the willingness of importers to accept the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) principle of regionalization in the event of exotic Newcastle disease or isolation of H5 or H7 avian influenza, irrespective of pathogenicity. Most importing nations, with the noted exception of China, are now applying regionalization and permitting imports on a county or state-exclusion basis following H5 or H7 AI infection.

The fourteen-month ongoing series of incident cases of END in approximately 450 backyard flocks, predominantly fighting cocks. Extension of the infection to four commercial farms in Southern California should not impact exports since importers are complying with the OIE principle of regionalization.

Generally pasteurized egg products should not be subject to any embargo imposed following reports of AI or Newcastle disease.