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Export of Shell Eggs and Products January-May 2018.

07/16/2018

USDA-FAS data collated by USAPEEC, reflecting export volume and values for shell eggs and egg products are shown in the table below comparing January-May 2018 with the corresponding period in 2017:-

 

 

PRODUCT

Jan.-May 2017

Jan.-May 2018

Difference

Shell Eggs

     

Volume (m. dozen)

46.5

45.9

-0.6 (-1.3%)

Value ($ million)

45.4

58.3

+12.9 (+28.4%)

Unit Value ($/dozen)

0.98

1.27

+0.29 (+29.6%)

Egg Products

 

 

 

Volume (metric tons)

18,330

14,671

-3,659 (-20.0%)

Value ($ million)

47.2

53.7

+6.5 (+13.8%)

Unit Value ($/metric ton)

2,575

3,660

+1,085 (+42.1%)

U.S. SHELL EGG AND EGG PRODUCT EXPORTS IN JANUARY-

MAY 2018 COMPARED WITH JANUARY-MAY 2017

Source USDA-FAS/USAPEEC

SHELL EGGS

Shell egg exports from the U.S. during January-May 2018 decreased by 1.3 percent in volume but increased 28.4 percent in total value compared to January-May 2017. Unit value was higher by 29.6 percent or 29 cents per dozen for the comparison between 2017 and 2018. The top four importing nations represented 85.6 percent of volume and 78.5 percent of value.

Canada was the leading importer over five months, with 17.8 million dozen representing 38.8 percent of volume and 41.2 percent of value of U.S. shipments of shell eggs with an average unit value of 1.27 cents per dozen. Canada increased imports in May 2018 by 160 percent in volume and 49.5 percent in value compared to May 2017.

Hong Kong fell to second-place for January-May 2018 importing 16.7 million dozen, (36.3 percent of U.S. volume exported) at a value of $17.1 million (29.3 percent of total) and a unit value of $1.02 per dozen.

Mexico was a distant third in rank during the first five months of 2018 with 6.1 percent of volume and 4.8 percent of value,

The Caribbean Region represented 8.2 percent of export volume in January-May 2018. This region was down 54.8 percent in volume and 30.9 percent in value compared with January-May 2017. The unit value of shell eggs exports to the Caribbean averaged $2.36 per dozen in January-May 2018 which appears inordinately high, warranting validation of USDA data or an investigation of the price discrepancy.

EGG PRODUCTS

The total volume of exported egg products during the first five months of 2018 decreased by 20.0 percent but total value was higher by 13.8 percent compared to January-May 2017. Unit value increased by 42.1 percent to $3,660 per ton from $2,575 in January-May 2017, reflecting the relationship between World supply and demand. Export volume during 2017 was influenced by the fipronil crisis and by avian influenza in the E.U.

During January-May 2018, Japan represented 35.8 percent of the total U.S. export volume with 45,254 m. tons, an increase of 11.9 percent.

Mexico continued as the 2nd-ranked importer with 1,962 m. tons representing 13.3 percent of volume and 11.7 percent of value at $6.3 million. Mexico decreased volume in January-May 2018 by 14.2 percent but value increased by 28.5 percent compared to the corresponding months in 2017. In May 2018 imports of egg products by Mexico fell by 48.8 percent falling to 4th place among destinations.

For January-May 2018, 4th-ranked E.U-28 imported 1,052 m. tons of egg products, representing 63.3 percent of the volume during the first five months of 2017. Volume in 2017 was presumably influenced by supply to demand disequilibrium due to shortages occasioned by HPAI. The transitory impact of fipronil contamination ceased in early 2018 as flocks were replaced in Holland and Belgium.

COMMENTS

As prospects for re-negotiation of NAFTA fade it is relevant to recognize that exports of shell eggs and egg products to our neighbors were valued at $74.7 million in 2017.

Prospects for long-term exports of shell eggs will be limited by the willingness of importers to accept the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) principle of regionalization in the event of H5 and H7 avian influenza irrespective of pathogenicity. This concern follows the early 2017 cases of North American-lineage H7N9 HPAI in broiler breeders and some backyard flocks. There were two reported incident cases of LPAI in commercial flocks in early March 2018. These were the first cases recognized for over ten months despite ongoing intensive surveillance. Most importing nations, with the noted exception of China, are now applying regionalization and permitting imports on a nationwide or state-exclusion basis following H5 or H7 AI infection. The statutory 90-day period following depletion of affected flocks has expired.

The recent diagnoses of END in 40 backyard flocks in San Bernardino County, CA. should not impact exports since importers are complying with the OIE principle of regionalization.

Generally pasteurized egg products should not be subject to any embargo imposed following reports of AI.