Export of Shell Eggs and Products January-October 2018.


USDA-FAS data collated by USAPEEC, reflecting export volume and values for shell eggs and egg products are shown in the table below comparing January-October 2018 with the corresponding period in 2017:-


Jan.-Oct. 2017

Jan.-Oct 2018


Shell Eggs


Volume (m. dozen)



-3.2 (-3.1%)

Value ($ million)



+7.0 (+6.8%)

Unit Value ($/dozen)



+0.1 (+10.2%)

Egg Products




Volume (metric tons)



-10,448 (-28.5%)

Value ($ million)



-4.2 (-4.3%)

Unit Value ($/metric ton)



+894 (+33.8%)





Shell egg exports from the U.S. during January-October 2018 decreased by 3.1 percent in volume but increased 6.8 percent in total value compared to January-October 2017. Unit value was higher by 10.2 percent or 10 cents per dozen for the comparison between 2017 and 2018. The top two importing nations represented 79.5 percent of volume and 75.6 percent of value.

Canada was the leading importer over ten months, with 40.9 million dozen representing 40.5 percent of volume and 41.7 percent of value of U.S. shipments of shell eggs with an average unit value of $1.12 cents per dozen. Shell eggs shipped to Canada represent the difference between domestic demand and production limited by a national permit system.

Hong Kong ranked a close second in imports during the first ten months of 2018 with 39.3 million dozen representing 38.9 percent of volume and 33.9 percent of value at $37.0 million with a unit value of $0.94 per dozen.

Mexico was a distant third in rank during the first ten months of 2018 with 5.4 percent of volume and 4.5 percent of value,

The Caribbean Region represented 5.8 percent of export volume in January-October 2018. This region was down 60.0 percent in volume and 33.5 percent in value compared with January-October 2017. The unit value of shell eggs exports to the Caribbean averaged $2.05 per dozen for the ten-month period in 2018 which appears inordinately high, warranting validation of USDA data or an investigation of the price discrepancy.


The total volume of exported egg products during the first ten months of 2018 decreased by 28.5 percent and total value was lower by 4.3 percent compared to January-October 2017. Unit value increased by 38.8 percent to $3,540 per ton from $2,046 for January-October 2017, reflecting the relationship between World supply and demand. Export volume during 2017 was influenced by the fipronil crisis and by avian influenza in the E.U.

During January-October 2018, Japan represented 34.2 percent of the total U.S. export volume with 8,985 m. tons, a decrease of 9.3 percent over the first ten months of 2017.

Mexico continued as the 2nd-ranked importer with 3,667 m. tons representing 14.0 percent of volume and 12.0 percent of value at $11.2 million. In 2018 Mexico decreased volume by 32.7 percent and total value decreased by 1.1 percent compared to the corresponding ten months of 2017. In October 2018 imports of egg products by Mexico fell by 67 percent compared to October 2017.

Canada ranked third among importers attaining 15.5 percent of volume and 10.8 percent of value exported.

For January-October 2018, the 4th-ranked E.U-28 imported 1,787 m. tons of egg products, representing 6.8 percent of the volume during the first ten months of 2017 and 16.8 percent lower value compared with the first ten months of 2017. Volume of 2,251 m. tons in 2017 was presumably influenced by shortages occasioned by HPAI. The transitory impact of fipronil contamination ceased in early 2018 as flocks were replaced in Holland and Belgium.

South Korea posted a 79.6 percent lower volume for January-October 2018 compared with the first ten months of the previous year. Value declined by 34.5 percent with a unit value of $4,706 per m. ton which is far in excess of the average value of $3,540 denoting a special product mix.


Successful conclusion of NAFTA negotiations led to the trilateral USMCA announced on September 30th to be subsequently ratified by the legislatures of all three signatories. Exports of shell eggs and egg products to our neighbors were valued at $74.7 million for calendar 2017 and $70.9 million for the first ten months of 2018.

Prospects for long-term exports of shell eggs will be limited by the willingness of importers to accept the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) principle of regionalization in the event of exotic Newcastle disease and isolation of H5 or H7 avian influenza, irrespective of pathogenicity. This concern follows the early 2017 cases of North American-lineage H7N9 HPAI in broiler breeders and some backyard flocks. Most importing nations, with the noted exception of China, are now applying regionalization and permitting imports on a county or state-exclusion basis following H5 or H7 AI infection.

The six-month series of incident cases of END in over 190 backyard flocks and recently one commercial farm, among five counties in California should not impact exports since importers are complying with the OIE principle of regionalization. The outbreaks of LPAI in four organic turkey flocks in California and eight commercial flocks in Minnesota should not impact export of eggs.

Generally pasteurized egg products should not be subject to any embargo imposed following reports of AI.